Fight The Bite

Fight The Bite means taking the necessary steps to help prevent mosquito bites for you and your family. Getting a mosquito bite is no fun but what is worse is getting a disease like West Nile or Zika.

The Four Steps of Preventing Mosquito Bites

Drain standing water

 Drain anything in your yard that collects water or allows water to stand. Mosquitoes only need a small amount of water to breed.

 Dress in long sleeves and pants when you’re outside to discourage mosquitoes from biting.

 Spray a safe repellent on exposed skin and clothes. The CDC recommends DEET, picaridin, IR3535 or oil of lemon eucalyptus.

 Mosquitoes bite any time of day or night. Check and repair screens on doors and windows. Keep them closed and use air conditioning when you can.

Diseases Mosquitos Carry

Previously, this West Nile virus had only been found in parts of Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The introduction of this foreign virus was recognized by deaths of thousands of birds (particularly crows and jays) and an epidemic of encephalitis in people and horses.

In Oklahoma, people are at the greatest risk of exposure to infected mosquitoes from July through October. Persons of all ages can develop symptoms of the disease after being bitten by an infected mosquito, but those over 50 are at a greater risk of developing a serious illness of the nervous system. The best way to protect yourself is to follow the  four steps of prevention.

Zika occurs in many tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world, particularly in Africa, Southeast Asia, and islands in the Pacific Ocean. The Aedes species of mosquito transmits the Zika virus. They most frequently bite during the daytime, both indoors and outdoors. The Aedes mosquito is found in Oklahoma, but Zika transmission has not been identified locally. The best way to protect yourself is to follow the four steps of prevention.

Travel & Zika

Travel & Zika

Before your trip

Click a country on the interactive map to view its Zika Travel Recommendation and follow the four steps of prevention.

r

After your trip

If you are not feeling well after your trip, see a doctor and mention that you traveled recently.

Z

Symptoms

Many people infected with the Zika virus won’t have symptoms or will only have mild symptoms. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, red eyes, muscle pain, and headache.

Pregnancy & Zika

Transfer of Disease to Baby

Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect called microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects.

+

Sexual Transmission

You can also get Zika through sex without a condom with someone infected by Zika, even if that person does not exhibit symptoms.

Q

Precautions

Pregnant women should not travel to areas where Zika transmission is either documented or likely.

 

zika-pregnancy.png

Resources

Mosquito Reference Sheet
Download PDF

West Nile Virus Fact Sheet
Download PDF

Zika Virus Fact Sheet
Download PDF

Zika & Pregnancy
Download PDF

Want more information?

Click on one of the three logos below to be directed to the website of the health department that represents your area.